Three Ways in Which Gender Inequality Could Negatively Impact the Ability of Grade 10 Learners to Succeed in Their School Work

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  • Feb 25, 2024

In South Africa, as in many parts of the world, gender inequality persists and can significantly hinder students’ academic achievements. This article will explain three ways in which gender inequality could negatively impact the ability of grade 10 learners to succeed in their school work.

gender inequality


Gender inequality remains a prevalent issue in South African society, with far-reaching consequences for educational outcomes. In Grade 10, students are navigating critical stages of their academic journey, but gender disparities can impede their progress. Understanding these challenges is essential for devising strategies to promote equal opportunities for all learners.

Lack of Access to Educational Resources

Unequal Access to Technology

Gender inequality often manifests in disparities in access to educational resources, including technology. Male students may have greater access to computers, the internet, and educational software, giving them an advantage in completing assignments, conducting research, and accessing online learning materials. Conversely, female students from disadvantaged backgrounds may lack these resources, hindering their ability to engage fully with their school work.

Limited Access to Educational Support

Female learners may face barriers in accessing educational support outside of school, such as tutoring services, study materials, and extra-curricular activities. This lack of support can exacerbate existing academic challenges, leading to lower academic performance and reduced confidence in their abilities.

Gender Bias in Classroom Dynamics

Gender bias in classroom dynamics can also impact students’ learning experiences. Teachers may unwittingly favor male students over their female counterparts, leading to unequal opportunities for participation, feedback, and academic recognition. This bias can contribute to a hostile learning environment for female learners, undermining their confidence and motivation to succeed academically.

Societal Expectations and Gender Stereotypes

Limited Career Aspirations

Gender stereotypes and societal expectations often dictate career choices and aspirations for young learners. Female students may face pressure to pursue traditionally feminine fields, such as caregiving and service industries, rather than STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) subjects or male-dominated professions. This limited scope of career options can hinder female learners’ ambitions and motivation to excel academically.

Gender-Based Discrimination

Gender-based discrimination, including sexual harassment and gender-based violence, can have profound effects on students’ psychological well-being and academic performance. Female learners may experience discrimination, bullying, or harassment in school settings, leading to feelings of insecurity, anxiety, and fear. These negative experiences can detract from their focus on school work and impede their ability to succeed academically.

Unequal Household Responsibilities

Gender inequalities within the home can also impact students’ academic success. Female learners may bear a disproportionate burden of household chores, caregiving responsibilities, and other domestic duties, leaving them with less time and energy to devote to their school work. This imbalance can hinder their academic performance and limit their opportunities for extracurricular engagement and personal development.


Gender inequality poses significant barriers to Grade 10 learners‘ academic success in South Africa. From unequal access to educational resources to societal expectations and gender stereotypes, female learners face multifaceted challenges that can hinder their ability to excel in their school work. Addressing these issues requires a concerted effort from educators, policymakers, and society as a whole to create an inclusive learning environment where all learners have equal opportunities to thrive academically. By challenging gender norms, promoting gender equity in education, and providing support to marginalized learners, we can pave the way for a brighter future for all students in South Africa.

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